Explore Darjeeling, Gangtok and Kalimpong, three of the most popular destinations in the Eastern Himalayas. Darjeeling, with
the 8,586 meter Mt. Khangchendzonga looming over the northern horizon, is hemmed in by Sikkim in the north, Nepal in the west
and Bhutan in the east. The town is known as the "Queen of the Hills" and gives its name to the celebrated Darjeeling Tea. Enjoy a
ride on the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, recognized as a World Heritage Railway by the UNESCO. The toy train is one of the
most striking examples of Darjeeling's British Raj influence. Perhaps, the most famous attraction of Darjeeling is the sunrise from
the Tiger Hill. Like Darjeeling and Kalimpong, Sikkim is also a popular tour destination, it takes about 4 hours to reach Gangtok of
Sikkim. The drive from Darjeeling to Sikkim is on a winding uphill
mountain road with the views of scenic hills. There are also
some famous Buddhist pilgrimage sites in Gangtok, which are prime attractions to the Buddhists.
The tour begins upon our arrival at Darjeeling, and which way we come to Darjeeling depends upon from where we are travelling.
Himalayan Glacier's local representative will greet us at Bhadrapur Airport (Nepal Border), if we're coming via Nepal or at
Phuentsholing (Bhutan Border) if we are coming via Bhutan or at Bagdogra Airport, if we are flying from Delhi or Calcutta. In case,
we are taking a train to the nearest railway station, either at New Jalpaiguri or Siliguri, Himalayan Glacier's local representative will
welcome us at the respective stations.
Best time to visit this region is from September till June. We keep July and August as Monsoon.
The name Darjeeling comes from the Tibetan words, Dorje (thunderbolt) and Ling (place or land), meaning the land of the thunderbolt. The history of Darjeeling district is linked to that of the Sikkim, East India Company, Nepal and Bhutan.
Most of Darjeeling formed a part of dominions of the Chogyal of Sikkim, who had been engaged in an unsuccessful warfare
against the Gorkhas of Nepal. From 1780, the Gorkhas made several attempts to capture the entire region of Darjeeling. By the
beginning of 19th century, they had overrun Sikkim as far eastward as the Teesta River and had conquered and annexed
In the meantime, the British were engaged in preventing the Gorkhas from overrunning the whole of the northern frontier.
war broke out in 1814, which resulted in the defeat of the Gorkhas and subsequently led to the signing of
theSugauli Treaty in 1815. According to the treaty, Nepal had to cede all those territories which the Gorkhas had annexed from the
Chogyal of Sikkim to the British East India Company (i.e. the area between Mechi River and Teesta river). Later in 1817, through
the Treaty of Titalia, the British East India Company reinstated the Chogyal of Sikkim, restored all the tracts of land between the
Mechi River and the Teesta river to the Chogyal of Sikkim and guaranteed his sovereignty. In 1835, the hill of Darjeeling, including
an enclave of 138 square miles (360 km2), was given to the British East India Company by Sikkim.
In November 1864, the Treaty of Sinchula was executed in which the Bhutan Dooars with the passes leading into the hills
and Kalimpong were ceded to the British by Bhutan. The Darjeeling district can be said to have assumed its present shape and
size in 1866 with an area of 1234 sq. miles.
Prior to 1861 and from 1870–1874, Darjeeling District was a "NonRegulated
Area" (where acts and regulations of the British
Raj did not automatically apply in the district in line with rest of the country, unless specifically extended). From 1862 to 1870, it
was considered a "Regulated Area". The term "NonRegulated
Area" was changed to "Scheduled District" in 1874 and again to
"Backward Tracts" in 1919. The status was known as "Partially Excluded Area" from 1935 until the independence of India.